Cyatheaceae >

Sori superficial on the veins or in their axils. Base of the stipes clothed with scales Cyatheaceae
Lower surface of the secondary rhachises fawn or yellow-brown or brown or light stramineous; the tubercles obtuse or coarsely pointed
Scales of the costae substellate, never bullate; the margin of the scales setose throughout their length with numerous red, brown or white spinules. Scales of the bases of the stipes of 2 types, i.e. broad, white or pale stramineous paleae and narrower, dark red scales. Old bases of the stipes not persistent on the caudex. Tree- ferns mostly 2–10 m high. Coast and gullies in adjacent plateaus mainly south of Sydney. RF in shady gullies, along creeks Cyathea cooperi