Flowers bisexual in racemes or spikes Ripogonaceae
Branches pubescent; prickles absent. Leaves ovate to narrow-ovate, 8–20 cm long, cordate at the base, on short petioles or almost sessile, acuminate. Coast and adjacent plateaus. WSF and RF Ripogonum fawcettianum
Branches glabrous, the larger ones with prickles. Leaves ovate to narrow-ovate, 8–15 cm long, narrowing towards the base, with a twisted petiole, shortly acuminate. Widespread. RF Ripogonum album