Vascular plants

Vascular Plants Vascular plants
Plants producing seeds (Spermatophyta)
Ovules (and seeds) borne naked on sporophylls (or on scales projecting from sporophylls, which are usually arranged in cones. Microsporophylls bearing the pollen sacs also arranged in cones. Pollen deposited directly on the ovule Gymnosperms
Ovules (and seeds) enclosed within carpels (fruits); the carpels bearing stigmas upon which the pollen lodges. Pollen produced in the anthers of stamens. Carpels and stamens usually surrounded by a perianth; the whole constituting a flower which may be uni- or bi-sexual (= angiosperms) Magnoliophyta